Discounted treatment for cancer patients
Most cancer patients need expensive treatment to get delivered, be it Chemotherapy cost , Radiation Therapy cost or cost of Surgeries etc. To help reduce the expenses we have partnered with a number of providers who offer discounted services for cancer patients.
Please send us an email email@example.com with following details.
Name of patient, Age, City ad Locality, Mobile number or patient / caregiver, treatment required to be given, details of the treatment your doctor has recommended with the written estimates given.
Here is a brief note we have compiled for you understand the process and chemotherapy costs and radiation therapy cost.
What is chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy is a type of treatment that includes a medication or combination of medications to treat cancer. The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to malignant cells and tissues. The goal is to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells. Chemo medications attack rapidly growing cancer cells but they can also affect healthy cells that grow rapidly.
What is treatment cycle?
Chemo is often given several times over weeks or months in what is known as a course of treatment called cycles. The goal of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells or slow cancer’s growth over time. Since chemo also kills normal cells, these chemo days are followed by periods of rest when you receive no treatment to let the body recover and produce new healthy cells.
How is chemo given?
Chemotherapy treatment plans may use a single medication or a combination of medications that can be delivered in more than one way.
- Injection. Types of injection include:
- Subcutaneous (SQ): Chemo given as a shot just under the skin
- Intramuscular (IM): Chemo given as a shot directly into a muscle
- Intravenous (IV): Chemo given as a shot directly into a vein
- IV infusion: Chemo medications are dripped through a tube that is attached to a needle and put into a vein
- Oral: Chemo taken by mouth as a pill or liquid
- Topical: A cream containing the chemo medication that is rubbed into the skin
- Intra-arterial (IA): Chemo delivered into an artery that is connected to the tomour
- Intraperitoneal (IP): Chemo given directly into the area that contains the intestines, stomach, liver, ovaries etc called the peritoneal cavity
What is Radiotherapy?
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy is the use of various forms of radiation to safely and effectively treat cancer, to control the growth of the cancer or to relieve pain. The goal of radiation therapy is to get enough radiation into the body to kill the cancer cells while preventing damage to healthy tissue. Depending on the location, size and type of cancer, high-energy particles or waves, such as x-rays, gamma rays, electron beams or protons, are used to destroy or damage cancer cells. Radiation therapy works by damaging cancerous cells. Normal cells are able to repair themselves, whereas cancer cells cannot.
Why radiotherapy is given?
Radiation may be used to make your primary treatment more effective.
- Curative or Radical treatment
This is given with the aim of destroying a tumour that has not spread to other parts of the body and thus curing the cancer. Curative treatment may be given on its own or it may be given before or after surgery or chemotherapy. One can be treated with radiation therapy before surgery to help shrink the cancer and allow less extensive surgery than would otherwise be needed; or one may be treated with radiation after surgery to destroy small amounts of cancer that may have been left behind. Sometimes, the overall goal is to slow down the cancer as much as possible.
In some cases, when it’s not possible to cure a cancer, the goal is to reduce the symptoms caused by growing tumors and to improve one’s quality of life. Lower doses of radiotherapy are given for palliative treatment to relieve pain over a shorter period of time to shrink the tumour.
Types of radiotherapy?
Radiotherapy uses high-energy rays that can be given both externally and internally to treat the disease.
- External radiotherapy aims high-energy x-rays at the affected area. During external beam radiation therapy, a beam of radiation is directed through the skin to the cancer and the immediate surrounding area in order to destroy the main tumor and any nearby cancer cells. This allows doctors to get enough radiation into the body to kill the cancer while giving healthy cells time each day to recover.
- Internal radiotherapy involves having radioactive material placed inside the body.
Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT)
IMRT is an advanced mode of high precession radiation. In IMRT, radiation beams are subdivided (modulate) into many beamlets aimed at the tumour, from various directions. Also, intensity of each of these beamlets can be adjusted individually. Thus, it is specialized form that allows radiation to be shaped exactly to fit the tumour. Using IMRT, it is possible to further limit the amount of radiation that is received by healthy tissues near the tumour as compared 3D-CRT. In many situations, this may also allow relatively higher dose of radiation to be delivered to the tumour, increasing the chance of cure. As this method of treatment delivery is very accurate, proper positioning of the patient becomes crucial. The planning of IMRT procedure takes 2-4 days after the immobilization and the imaging procedure. With a good computer based inversed planning methodology and rigorous OA, IMRT is complete.
Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)
Image Guided Radiation Therapy, or IGRT, helps to improve the delivery of radiation. IGRT involves conformal radiation treatment guided by a CT scan (called Cone Beam CT), taken in the treatment room just before the patient is given the radiation treatment. IGRT is one of the most advanced form of radiotherapy. The imaging information from the planning CT scan done earlier is overlapped on this Cone Beam CT. With this technique, movements of tumour breathing or reduction in size can be tracked. Also, even the variation in millimeters in daily positioning of the patient is detected and corrected instantly. Treatment with respiratory gating is used for tumours that move during respiration such as lung and liver.
Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT)
Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) is an immerging image guided radiation method. SBRT is directed to extremely well-defined targets within the body. SBRT delivers very high doses of radiation precisely to tumours sites within the body with the purpose of improving local control and limiting side effects. SBRT is appropriately used for small lung cancers or metastasis, small liver tumours or bony tumours and tumours in other sites that may not be appropriate for surgical resection or in patients who would not be candidates for surgery. SBRT is generally completed in 3-5 treatment fractions. At times, small gold fiducial markers are implanted with minimally invasive techniques to provide Stereotactic image guidance during radiation therapy. 3D imaging (CT, CT/PET, CT/MR) is used to construct very precise plans minimizing radiation dose to normal structures.
3 Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy
Tumours are not regular, they come in different shapes and sizes. Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy, or 3D-CRT, uses computers and high definition software with special imaging techniques to map the size, shape and location of the tumour. Computer Assisted (CT scans), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MR scans) and / or Positron Emission Tomography (PET scans) are used, individually or by fusion, to create detailed, three dimensional representations of the tumour and the surrounding organs. This therapy uses a multileaf collimator (MLC) to precise radiation beam to targeted area. As the radiation beams are very precisely directed, adjacent normal tissues receives less radiation and are able to heal quickly.
2D simple / 2D complex Radiation Therapy
This is conventional treatment offered using linear accelerator where patients undergo CT scan based planning and port film with the technique which has the latest high resolution amorphous silicon portal imager for this purpose.
Brachytherapy, also known as known as internal radiation, involves placing radioactive material into a tumour itself or into its surrounding tissue. As the radiation sources are placed close to the tumour cells, a large dose of radiation can be delivered with CT-Scan-image-based 3D planning. Brachytherapy may cause fewer side effects than does external beam radiation, and the overall treatment time is usually shorter with brachytherapy. Brachytherapy can be used alone or in conjunction with other cancer treatments.
Proton Beam Therapy
Proton beam therapy is a form of external beam radiation treatment that uses protons rather than X-rays to treat certain types of cancer and other diseases. The physical characteristics of the proton therapy beam allow doctors to more effectively reduce the radiation dose to nearby healthy tissue.
Neutron Beam Therapy
Like proton therapy, neutron beam therapy is a specialized form of external beam radiation therapy. It is often used to treat certain tumors that are radio-resistant, meaning that they are very difficult to kill using conventional X-ray radiation therapy. Neutrons have a greater biologic impact on cells than other types of radiation. Used carefully, this added impact can be an advantage in certain situations.
Systemic Radiation Therapy
Certain cancers may be treated by swallowing radioactive pills or receiving radioactive fluids in the vein (intravenous). This type of treatment is called systemic radiation therapy because the medicine goes to the entire body. radioactive iodine capsules are given to treat some types of thyroid cancer or to treat pain due to cancer that has spread to the bone.
Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Stereotactic Radiotherapy (SRS/SRT)
Radiosurgery is a now a proven alternative to conventional surgery in the treatment of Brain Tumours. Brain Tumour does not necessarily mean cancer. Only 50% of the Brain Tumours are malignant, the rest are benign. Most Brain Tumours need to be treated with surgery or by opening the head. This procedure is done with techniques known as Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Radiotherapy (SRS / SRT).
The superior efficacy of Radiosurgery offers lower risk of complications, shorter hospital stay, reduced morbidity and improved quality of life as compared to the conventional methods of treatment. Stereotactic radiotherapy is a technique that allows to precisely focus beams of radiation to destroy certain types of tumors. In addition to treating some cancers, radiosurgery can also be used to treat malformations in the brain’s blood vessels and certain noncancerous (benign) neurologic conditions.